How to understand what the child is overweight and how to help lose weight
Weight loss is acute not only for modern adults, but also to their children. Sedentary lifestyle, fast food, snacks without interrupting gadgets. And yet — the construction of almost a cult of the art of cooking with her Royal Highness FOOD, which a lot of gear on every television channel. And now, instead of walk, to play, to communicate with people (and children!) sitting, watching… and eating.
As parents to understand whether a child is overweight?
If an adult basic measure of excess weight is the body mass index (BMI) in children this method is not used, since the notion of the norm for them more flexible. In childhood and adolescence using the so-called “centile tables” or graphics (easy to find on the Internet) that allow parents to determine the deviation of weight, height and accordingly the body mass index of the child’s specific age and gender. The further parameters of the child deviates from the average, the more pronounced pathology.
At what age the child’s parents should pay special attention to his weight?
In the process of development of the baby fat in his body accumulates unevenly. He actively formed during the first 9 months of life, then comes the stabilization process, in 5-7 years there are small climbs, and rapidly it accumulates in puberty. There are three critical periods:
• early childhood (0-3 years);
• preschool age (5-7 years);
• the period of adolescence or puberty (12 to 17 years).
What are the risks of excess weight gain?
Often a fat kid into a fat adult. Or in the patient. Or not very smart. It happens, even in the not-too-happy person. Because, first of all, obesity in childhood is a major risk factor for the development of obesity later in life. Secondly, of course, the presence of overweight and obesity in child and teen is the cause of related health problems, sometimes serious. Thirdly, there is evidence that children with overweight worse learn and develop worse mentally. It is impossible not to take into account the fact that excess weight prevents social adaptation of the child in the children’s team. Such children often become the object of ridicule, which leads to the formation of emotional disorders.
What to do if parents have found that baby “outweighs”?
Not all overweight children need immediate diet. In patients with moderate overweight and even in the early stages of obesity is enough to increase your physical activity and exclusion of high-calorie foods from the diet containing a lot of quick carbohydrates and fats.
But, of course, to evaluate the development of the child’s heredity, the dynamics of changes in the ratio of body mass to increase by a doctor. If a child is overweight, the diet therapy is an important component of a comprehensive approach to the treatment of obesity. At any degree of obesity for a child of any age you first need meals to meet its physiological requirements.
What is the daily volume on fats, proteins, carbohydrates does a child need?
In children who are overweight, must be strict diet (preferably at the same time) — 6-7 single meal and the recommended single volume. When this rhythm power food is easily digested and absorbed. The correct distribution of products on calories during the day is also a very important point. More high-calorie foods (meat, fish, eggs) include in the diet in the first half of the day, and the second is easily digestible: lacto-vegetarian. The reduce caloric intake through carbohydrates and animal fats, and protein corresponds to the physiological norm.
What should be in the menu?
Protein sources: lean meats, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products with reduced fat content. Are limited or completely eliminated sour cream, cream, fatty cheese, sour weight, fatty cheeses, butter. The amount of carbohydrates in the daily diet reduced in proportion to the degree of obesity. Excludes quick carbohydrates: pastries, sugar, etc, as well as semolina, potatoes, wheat bread, pasta, wheat bread. Carbohydrates child will get with fruits and vegetables. Children with overweight useful sour-sweet fruits and berries, natural unsweetened juices, dried fruits. From the diet of a child with obesity exclude refractory and hydrogenated fats in favor of vegetable oils containing polyunsaturated fatty acids. To reduce appetite should be deleted seasonings, nourishing broths, fried foods, salty and smoked snacks. The food is steamed, boiled or stewed.
What, besides a proper diet, parents can help the child?
Much depends on the culture of food in the family, because it includes not only rules of behavior at the table, but the concept about the usefulness or harm of certain products. Importantly, how are the families of the meal. During lunch in front of the TV or tablet food automatically swallowed, sometimes in unlimited quantities. In this case, the child is not saturated, and not noticing much ate constantly overeat. You cannot use food as a reward or punishment! The child must encourage physical activity, but not his appetite. For children is very important motor activity, it will help to use up calories and will be a good prevention of other diseases associated with physical inactivity. One of the difficulties, the patient is obese child, is the reluctance of the child to go on a diet. Young patients may simply refuse to eat boring foods. This problem will help to cope dietitian, who will compose the diet of the child, including in the diet of very tasty dishes and his favorite foods, but the diet is fully balanced. And the meeting with the psychologist will help him to understand what is overweight and why you would want to part with it. Without damaging the child’s psyche, the specialist makes patient. Only a psychologist can help you look at your weight and related problems adequately and positively, and to give impetus to the fight against obesity.
And here, for example, such a useful label products for children amounted to famous parents and teachers William and Martha Sears for his book “Your baby and you: healthy eating for the whole family”. The authors have divided all the food on the traffic light principle. “Green” — can and should be there, “red” — you can, with caution, “red” — not.
The food is “green” color
Vegetables, legumes, fruits, cereals, fish, pasta, etc. pasta wholemeal flour, nuts and seeds, soy products (in particular, tofu), eggs, lean meats (beef, pork and poultry), dairy products with low fat, raises. oil (not hydrogenated), healthy treats.
The food is “yellow” color
Cakes and pies, cookies, cakes (including ice cream cake, sweets, candy, all that offer catering, sweet fruit drinks, white bread, donuts, sodas with artificial sweeteners or corn syrup.
The food is “red” color
Almost all sausages, fatty meats, canned foods vacuum Packed and canned food that contains hydrogenated oil, punches and drinks containing artificial dyes, prepared cereals with artificial colors and hydrogenated oils, fried food of any kind at the enterprises of public catering.